Climate change threatens children's health, infectious diseases will increase - Daily Current fairs

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Thursday, 14 November 2019

Climate change threatens children's health, infectious diseases will increase

Climate change threatens children's health, infectious diseases will increase

A new study has been done on the effect of climate change on health. It was found that climate change could pose a serious threat to the health of children in particular. According to a study published in the medical journal Lancet, failure to limit emissions will result in infectious diseases. The situation of air pollution will be serious, the temperature will rise and the problem of malnutrition will also be serious. Dr. Renée Selles, a clinical instructor at Harvard Medical School, associated with this report, said, "A baby born today will face many challenges in the future on the health front due to the rise in temperature. Due to climate change and air pollution due to fossil fuel, the health of the baby is being threatened from the mother's womb itself. Even after birth, this risk increases.

These health hazards

Burning of fossil fuels such as coal and gas also produces air pollution called PM 2.5. It can damage the heart and lungs. PM 2.5 is associated with low birth weight as well as respiratory problems such as asthma.

Fire in the forests due to increasing temperature

Due to the rise in temperature, the incidence of fire in the forests is increasing. The reason for this is that due to the increasing heat, trees and plants are drying up, resulting in a fire. Smog is having a negative impact on health due to the burning of fossil fuel. Yield of crops is also being affected.

7 million people were killed in 2016

According to the report, despite the worldwide curbing of emissions, there will be a possibility of increasing air pollution. In 2016 alone, 7 million people died due to air pollution.

This was noticed in the study

This study looked at the impact of climate change on human health. It compared that if the world fulfills all the commitments of the Paris Agreement, then what will be its result in terms of human health? The Paris Agreement calls for stopping the emission of greenhouse gases and keeping the temperature rise below two degrees Celsius by the end of this century.

First study on children

Lancet Journal Editor-in-Chief Dr. Richard Horton said, "This is the third time that Lancet has assessed the impact of climate change on health, but children's health was first noticed."

Temperature will increase by four degrees Celsius

The report's executive editor, Nick Watts, said that if there is no change in the emission of greenhouse gases, by 2090, the temperature of our earth will increase by four degrees Celsius. This means that the baby born in today's era may have to face four degree Celsius more heat in 2090. The global life expectancy at this time is 71 years.

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