Danger of water warfare in the world, three out of five possible rivers exist in India - Daily Current fairs

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Thursday, 14 February 2019

Danger of water warfare in the world, three out of five possible rivers exist in India

Danger of water warfare in the world, three out of five possible rivers exist in India


The increasing population and climate change worldwide have put natural resources in danger. The most hazard is about water, which is decreasing very rapidly. In this way, many experts and analysts have feared that the next World War might be due to water in the future. Its signs are still visible from now. Now a fresh report has said that India's position on the deep threat of water warfare can be the most worrisome.

Whether it will be world war over water in the future or not, it is difficult to say right now, but water has become an international problem. There has been a dispute between the many countries regarding water. Even if India speaks of it, there are frequent disputes about water sharing in many states including Delhi-Haryana, Punjab-Haryana, and Tamil Nadu-Karnataka. Apart from this, disputes have been going on for a long time with India and its neighboring Pakistan, China, and Bangladesh, about water distribution.

Crores of rupees spent on water conservation in India
The depth of the water dispute between India and outside is so deep, it can be estimated from the fact that the soles are drawn between the governments. Many social workers often resort to dharna-demonstration on this issue. Despite this, water conservation is becoming a major problem in all the states including the national capital of Delhi. All the schemes are being run on government level for water conservation, and crores of rupees are spent every year.

The threat is on these rivers

Now, in a recent report, the fear of international dispute has been expressed in the near future with water. This report says that there are serious conflicts about water all over the world, which can be called Water Wars in the future. The report has identified five potential rivers for water warfare. You will be surprised to know that three of these five rivers are in India. The identified rivers include Neal, Ganga-Brahmaputra, Indus, Tigris-Euphrates and the Colorado Rivers.

Danger of water warfare in the world, three out of five possible rivers exist in India
Experts tell these solutions

It has been said in the report that if we still get ready to remove the adverse effects of climate change, then this fear can be avoided. If it does not happen, then in the next few years people will be confronted with water for many countries of the world. In India, this situation has now been created in many areas of cities like Delhi and Mumbai. To deal with this, the countries concerned have to go to the root cause of the water dispute. After this, there will be commitments and joint measures to deal with them.

Water war may occur in 50-100 years

These reports regarding the water crisis have been issued by the European Commission's Joint Research Center (JRC). It has been said that there has been a raging competition between the rapidly increasing population and climate change among the rare natural resources. This can lead to regional instability and social unrest. This study is led by JRC scientist Fabio Farinosi. They have included those factors in this study which can cause fights on future water. The study also included conflicts and disputes in the past regarding water. The researchers kept 75 to 95% of such occasions in the next 50 to 100 years. They will be so bad, definitely to be seen.

Importance of hazardous rivers

The potential places identified for the water warfare include the Neil, Ganga-Brahmaputra, Indus, Tigris-Euphrates and the Colorado Rivers. The Nile is a major river of northeast Africa and is one of the longest rivers in the world. Ganga is the main river of the Indian subcontinent, which flows through India and Bangladesh. The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia that flows through China and Bangladesh including India. Indus is one of Asia's longest rivers that flows between India and Pakistan. The Indus River is the longest and the national river of Pakistan. Tigris River joins the mountains of southeastern Turkey, in the Gulf, while being Iraq and Persia. The Euphrates is one of the longest and most historic rivers in Western Asia. Together with Tigris, it is one of the two defining rivers of Mesopotamia. Colorado River is the main river of the Southwestern United States of America and northern Mexico. This river combines seven American and two Mexican states.

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